All you need to know about NDA
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY, known as NDA is an entrance exam for those who want to serve nation as soldier/ pilot or commander or naval officer. The recruitment goes for all the wings i.e. ARMY, NAVY and AIR FORCE. Serving our country and offering lives for nation is a great thing and deserves salute from every citizen. The whole nation cried when a soldier martyred at boarder. This too adds more respect for this field of work. Every year, about 4 lakhs aspirants appear for the exam out of which about 10,000 students qualify. NDA exam is taken twice in a year and all questions are objective. There are total 270 questions in 5 hours. It is conducted by UPSC.
LETS HAVE A QUICK LOOK AT EXAM :
|Exam Name||NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY|
|Conducted by||UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISION|
|Exam Duration||2 HOURS 30 MINUTES|
Eligibility of NDA differs. NDA is very strict over eligibility. UPSC sets eligibility for NDA exam. Beside getting minimum marks, candidates require to meet these :
Syllabus for NDA
Apart from Physics, chemistry and maths, history, geography, English and current affairs are also asked. Here is the detailed syllabus of each section. To ace any exam with high marks, candidates must know the requisite syllabus.
- Differential Calculus
- Vector Algebra
- Integral Calculus and Differential equations
- Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
- Grammar and Usage
- Comprehension and Cohesion in Extended Text
- Motion of Objects
- Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Force and Momentum
- Parallelogram of Forces
- Stability and Equilibrium of Bodies
- Elementary Ideas of Work
- Velocity and Acceleration
- Power and Energy
- Sound Waves and their Properties
- Simple Musical Instruments
- Natural and Artificial Magnets
- Properties of a Magnet
- Earth as a Magnet
- Pressure Cooker
- Thermos Flask
- Simple Pulleys
- Physical Properties and States of Matter
- Density and Specific Gravity
- Principle of Archimedes
- Pressure Barometer
- Effects of Heat
- Change of State and Latent Heat
- Modes of Transference of Heat
- Rectilinear Propagation of Light
- Reflection and Refraction
- Spherical Mirrors and Lenses Human Eye
- Static and Current Electricity
- Measurement of Temperature and Heat
- Conductors and Non-conductors
- Ohm’s Law
- Simple Electrical Circuits
- Lighting and Magnetic Effects of Current
- Measurement of Electrical Power
- Primary and Secondary Cells
- Use of X-Rays
- Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon-Dioxide
- Oxidation and Reduction
- Material used in the Preparation of Substances Like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder
- Carbon – Different Forms
- Physical and Chemical Changes
- Symbols, Formulas and Simple Chemical Equations
- Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
- Properties of Air and Water
- Acids, Bases and Salts
- Elements, Mixtures and Compounds
- Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
- Elementary Ideas About the Structure of Atom
- Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights
- Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
- Constituents of Food
- Balanced Diet
- Achievements of Eminent Scientists
- Difference Between the Living and Nonliving
- Elementary Knowledge of Human Body and its Important Organs
- Food – Source of Energy for Man
- Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
- Common Epidemics, their Causes and Prevention
- The Solar System – Meteors and Comets
- Freedom Movement in India
- National Integration and Welfare State
- Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
- A broad survey of Indian History with Emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
- Elementary Knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
- Elementary Study of Indian Constitution and Administration
- Panchayati Raj
- Forces Shaping the Modern World
- Exploration and Discovery
- War of American Independence
- French Revolution
- Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
- Impact of Science and Technology on Society
- Concept of One World
- United Nations
- Socialism and Communism
- Co-operatives and Community Development
- Role of India in the Present World
- Origin of Earth
- Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical
- Earthquakes and Volcanoes
- Atmosphere and its Composition
- Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure
- Rocks and their Classification
- Planetary Winds
- Cyclones and Anti-cyclones
- Condensation and Precipitation
- Major Natural Regions of the World
- Important Sea Ports and Main Sea
- Land and Air Routes of India. Main Items of Imports and Exports of India
- Types of Climate
- The Earth : Its Shape and Size
- Latitudes and Longitudes
- Concept of Time
- International Date Line
- Movements of Earth and their Effects
- Ocean Currents and Tides
- Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural Vegetation
- Mineral and Power Resources
- Location and Distribution of Agricultural and Industrial Activities
- Current Important World Events
- Knowledge of Important Events That Have Happened in India in the Recent Years
- Prominent Personalities – Both Indian and International Including Those Connected with Cultural Activities and Sports
There are two papers – mathematics and general knowledge. The total time allotted to students is 2 hours and 30 minutes. All the questions are objective type.
|Exam duration||2 hours and 30 minutes||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|No. of sections||1||2 (English and General Knowledge)|
|no. of questions||120||150|
|Total marks||300||600 (English (200) + GK (400))|
|Marking scheme||2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect||4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect|
|Medium||English and Hindi||English for English section. English and Hindi for GK section|
Following marks distribution has been observed for NDA exam 2019 :
- Physics (100 marks)
- Chemistry (60 marks)
- General Science (40 marks)
- History and Freedom Movement (80 marks)
- Geography (80 marks)
- Current Events (40 marks)
NDA Previous years questions papers
To grab good rank in any competitive exam, past years paper always play crucial rule. Practising these questions papers enriches confidence in mind and encourages you to make proper strategy and time management or you get a clear and fair scene where you actually stand. After practising these you would come to know about the weak part or zone where you ought to give time son you can achieve better. Time management skill will definitely get developed. NDA is all about speed and accuracy and solving these papers on interval will deliver you the same
|Year||NDA II Previous Year Question Papers with Solution|
|2018||Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper|
|2018||Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper|
|2017||Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper|
|2017||Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper|
|2016||Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper|
|2016||Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper|
|2015||Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper|
|2015||Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper|
|Year||NDA II Previous Year Question Papers with Solution|
|2018||Previous Year General Ability NDA II Question Paper|
|2018||Previous Year General Ability NDA II Answer Key|
|2018||Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Question Paper|
|2018||Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Answer Key|
|2017||Previous Year General Ability NDA II Question Paper|
|2017||Previous Year General Ability NDA II Answer Key|
|2017||Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Question Paper|
|2017||Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Answer Key|
How to Apply for NDA: APPLICATION PROCESS
The forms can be filled only online and the application fee for general students and OBC is RS 100 only. Reserved category students are exempted from any type of fee. Candidates are requested to fill the form carefully as no further correction can be done. Also keep the registration number note down and safe. Form of NDA 1 and NDA 2 will be made available from 9th January and 7th august 2019 respectively. All the necessary scanned copies should be kept at hand and available if get chance for verified. The fee payment can be done via online mode (VISA/Master/Debit Card and Net banking) or via offline mode (through e-challan of SBI Bank). Candidates are required to give their academic, personal and communication details. All the data should be as per certificate and no malpractice should be done.
NDA ADMIT CARD
The assigned authority will release the admit card on the official UPSC website. To download the admit card :
- Go to official website.
- Enter RID, Date of Birth or Roll Number & other details.
- Download the admit card as without it you are not allowed to sit in the examination hall.
- Admit card will contain all the required details like name, roll no, exam centre and exam date etc.
TAll the examination centres are distributed on first come first basis. You will be asked to select any 3 cities you are comfortable with.
|6||Bareilly||Uttar Pradesh||7||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh|
|12||Delhi||National Capital Territory of Delhi||13||Dharwad||Karnataka|
|20||Jammu||Jammu and Kashmir|
|24||Kolkata||West Bengal||25||Lucknow||Uttar Pradesh||26||Madurai||Tamil Nadu|
|31||Port Blair||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||32||Raipur||Chhattisgarh|
|37||Srinagar||Jammu and Kashmir||38||Thiruvananthapuram||Kerala||39||Tirupati||Andhra Pradesh|
NDA IMPORTANT DATES :
|NDA 2019 events||NDA 1||NDA 2||Notification Issue Date||January 09, 2019||August 07, 2019||Last Date to Submit the Application Form||February 04, 2019||September 03, 2019|
|Admit Card Issue Date||March 2019||August 2019|
|Exam Date||April 21, 2019||November 17, 2019|
|Result Declaration Date||June 18, 2019||October 2019|
Result and cut off
NDA result get published on the official website in a pdf format. Last year only 371 candidates cleared the exam with 1026 highest marks out of 1800. Also the marks obtained get published after 15 days with the result declaration. After clearing the exam, candidates are called for SSB interview and clearing the same results in reaching the dream.
|Year||NDA (1)||NDA (2)|
Since you have cleared the exam, you have cleared one stage and the next is interview. The interview is conducted in 2 stages for 5 days. Stage 1 comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating, picture perception and description test and the latter stage is GTO tasks, psychology tests, interview and conference.
Below is the set of required original documents with one photocopy to be carried for the NDA 2019 Document Verification:
- Qualification certificate
- Proof of identity (Pan card, voter ID, Aadhar Card, etc.)
- Birth certificate
- Passport size photographs
- Category certificate for the reserved category candidates
- Proof of residence
There are certain requirements related to fitness. Candidates must meet these requirements.
|Height (In Cms) Without Shoes||Weight (in kgs)|
|16-17 years||17-18 years||18-19 years|
physical standards requirements same for Navy.
Height/ weight Standards for Navy
|Height (In Cms) Without Shoes||Weight (in kgs)|
|16-17 years||17-18 years||18-19 years|
Special requirements for Air Force pilot
|Leg Length||99 cms||120 cms|
|Thigh Length||-||64 cms|
|Sitting Height||81.50 cms||96 cms|
PREPARATION TIPS :
- Must attempt the all mock papers. It will not only give you idea about the exam but also checks your performance. If you do not do further preparation, more or less your score will revolve around the mock test paper.
- Eliminate the calculation & silly mistakes or wrong things you are doing in mock test. It can add 15+ marks in your result.
- Must practise the past year papers. It will reap confidence. Also you would come to know about the weak zone or area. With proper time in hand you can fix it. You get to know about the time management which play a crucial role during exam. You would better handle pressure, time constraint, difficulty level than others in better way. Many times questions get repeated.
- Start with chemistry. Its questions are mainly theoretical, long calculations are not required. Try to solve this part in 30 mins, then time for mathematics zone part will get increased, you will no longer feel under burden.
- Must go through NCERT books for chemistry and physics.
Study material :
- Physics NCERT Textbooks for Classes 10th, 11th and 12th
- NCERT Textbooks
- R.D. Sharma – Objective Mathematics, Part 1 and Part 2 (NCERT difficulty)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
QUES. What is the procedure for Intelligence & Personality test by SSB?
ANS. Intelligence & Personality test by SSB will be conducted in two stages:
- Stage 1: This will include Officer Intelligence Rating test:
- Stage 2: Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Test, Conference
QUES. Which test will be included in Officer Intelligence Rating test?
ANS. OIR test will include following tests:
- Picture perception
- Descriptive test
QUES. In how many languages will the test be conducted?
ANS. The test will be bilingual i.e available in Hindi and English.
QUES. How many students get merit out each year?
ANS. In SSB only 550 candidates are recommended. After the physical test, only 380 to 400 candidates are finally selected. Rest are eliminated on grounds of being unfit physically or medically.
QUES. What is the normal day routine for NDA Cadets?
ANS. Their day starts at 4:30 in morning. At 6:00 hours they must attend the muster parade. From 6:30, for next 100 minutes starts the PT and Drill.
- From 8:15 to 9:15 hours is the breakfast time.
- From 9:30 hours to 13:30 hours the classes are conducted.
- From 13:30 to 14:00 hours is the lunch time.
- From 14:15 hours to 17:30 hours is the PT, Running and sports time.
- From 18:20 to 19:50 is the study observing hours in cabin.
- From 20:30 to 20:50 hours is the dinner time.
- From 21:00 to 22:15 emphasis is given to PT and upcoming events.
- Finally at 23:00 cadets observe strict lights out
QUES. What is the syllabus for General Ability Test?
ANS. The General Ability Test will consist of following sections:
- Part A: English
- Part B: General Knowledge which will include following sections:
Section A: Physics
Section B: Chemistry
Section C: General Science
Section D: History & Freedom Movements
Section E: Geography
Section F: Current Affairs.
After clearing both the papers, shortlisted candidates are sent to Khadakwasla(near Pune) where training takes place for the three cadets the navy, the army & the air force.
At NDA, all cadets of Army, air force and navy are trained together for 3 years together, after which they are given B.SC Degree in science. After which, Army cadets goes to IMA, Air Force cadet goes to AFA Hyderabad and, Naval cadet goes to INA Ezhimala, Kerala.
Life in NDA is all about learning discipline & adhering self-improvement. We wish good luck for the upcoming caretakers of India.