NDA Entrance Exam Logo


The National Defence Academy is the Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three services, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force train together before they go on to respective service academies for further pre-commissioning training.

All you need to know about NDA

NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY, known as NDA is an entrance exam for those who want to serve nation as soldier/ pilot or commander or naval officer. The recruitment goes for all the wings i.e. ARMY, NAVY and AIR FORCE. Serving our country and offering lives for nation is a great thing and deserves salute from every citizen. The whole nation cried when a soldier martyred at boarder. This too adds more respect for this field of work. Every year, about 4 lakhs aspirants appear for the exam out of which about 10,000 students qualify. NDA exam is taken twice in a year and all questions are objective. There are total 270 questions in 5 hours. It is conducted by UPSC.


Exam mode OFFLINE
Exam Duration 2 HOURS 30 MINUTES
Official Website upsc.nic.in


Eligibility of NDA differs. NDA is very strict over eligibility. UPSC sets eligibility for NDA exam. Beside getting minimum marks, candidates require to meet these :

  • Indian Citizenship or should be
  • Subject of Bhutan
  • Subject of Nepal
  • Tibetan refugee who came to India prior to January 1, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  • A PIO (Person of Indian Origin) who has come back from Burma, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention to get settled down permanently in India.
  • Only unmarried male candidates who are not born after 1st January 2002 and before 2nd January.
  • Date of birth should be given in according to the matriculation certificate.
  • Coming to educational qualification, for army wing candidate must have passed 12th class and for Naval/Air force candidates must have passed the 12th exam with Physics.
  • Syllabus for NDA

    Apart from Physics, chemistry and maths, history, geography, English and current affairs are also asked. Here is the detailed syllabus of each section. To ace any exam with high marks, candidates must know the requisite syllabus.

    Mathematics Mathematics
    1. Trigonometry
    2. Algebra
    3. Differential Calculus
    4. Vector Algebra
    5. Integral Calculus and Differential equations
      Matrices and Determinants
    1. Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
    2. Statistics
    3. Probability
    english English
    1. Vocabulary
    2. Grammar and Usage
    3. Comprehension and Cohesion in Extended Text
    Physics Physics
    1. Motion of Objects
    2. Newton’s Laws of Motion
    3. Force and Momentum
    4. Parallelogram of Forces
    5. Stability and Equilibrium of Bodies
    6. Gravitation
    7. Elementary Ideas of Work
    8. Velocity and Acceleration
    9. Power and Energy
    10. Sound Waves and their Properties
    11. Simple Musical Instruments
    12. Natural and Artificial Magnets
    13. Properties of a Magnet
    14. Earth as a Magnet
    15. Siphon
    16. Levers
    17. Balloon
    18. Pumps
    19. Hydrometer
    20. Pressure Cooker
    21. Thermos Flask
    22. Gramophone
    23. Telegraphs
    24. Telephone
    25. Periscope
    1. Simple Pulleys
    2. Physical Properties and States of Matter
    3. Mass
    4. Weight
    5. Volume
    6. Density and Specific Gravity
    7. Principle of Archimedes
    8. Pressure Barometer
    9. Effects of Heat
    10. Change of State and Latent Heat
    11. Modes of Transference of Heat
    12. Rectilinear Propagation of Light
    13. Reflection and Refraction
    14. Spherical Mirrors and Lenses Human Eye
    15. Static and Current Electricity
    16. Measurement of Temperature and Heat
    17. Conductors and Non-conductors
    18. Ohm’s Law
    19. Simple Electrical Circuits
    20. Heating
    21. Lighting and Magnetic Effects of Current
    22. Measurement of Electrical Power
    23. Primary and Secondary Cells
    24. Use of X-Rays
    Chemistry Chemistry
    1. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon-Dioxide
    2. Oxidation and Reduction
    3. Material used in the Preparation of Substances Like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder
    4. Carbon – Different Forms
    5. Physical and Chemical Changes
    6. Symbols, Formulas and Simple Chemical Equations
    1. Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
    2. Properties of Air and Water
    3. Acids, Bases and Salts
    4. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds
    5. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
    6. Elementary Ideas About the Structure of Atom
    7. Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights
    8. Valency
    science General Science
    1. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
    2. Constituents of Food
    3. Balanced Diet
    4. Achievements of Eminent Scientists
    5. Difference Between the Living and Nonliving
    6. Elementary Knowledge of Human Body and its Important Organs
    1. Food – Source of Energy for Man
    2. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
    3. Common Epidemics, their Causes and Prevention
    4. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets
    5. Eclipses
    history History
    1. Freedom Movement in India
    2. Bhoodan
    3. Sarvodaya
    4. National Integration and Welfare State
    5. Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
    6. A broad survey of Indian History with Emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
    7. Elementary Knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
    8. Elementary Study of Indian Constitution and Administration
    9. Panchayati Raj
    10. Forces Shaping the Modern World
    11. Renaissance
    12. Exploration and Discovery
    13. War of American Independence
    1. French Revolution
    2. Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
    3. Impact of Science and Technology on Society
    4. Concept of One World
    5. United Nations
    6. Panchsheel
    7. Democracy
    8. Socialism and Communism
    9. Co-operatives and Community Development
    10. Role of India in the Present World
    geography Geography
    1. Origin of Earth
    2. Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical
    3. Earthquakes and Volcanoes
    4. Atmosphere and its Composition
    5. Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure
    6. Rocks and their Classification
    7. Planetary Winds
    8. Cyclones and Anti-cyclones
    9. Humidity
    10. Condensation and Precipitation
    11. Major Natural Regions of the World
    12. Important Sea Ports and Main Sea
    13. Land and Air Routes of India. Main Items of Imports and Exports of India
    1. Types of Climate
    2. The Earth : Its Shape and Size
    3. Latitudes and Longitudes
    4. Concept of Time
    5. International Date Line
    6. Movements of Earth and their Effects
    7. Ocean Currents and Tides
    8. Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural Vegetation
    9. Mineral and Power Resources
    10. Location and Distribution of Agricultural and Industrial Activities
    Current Events
    1. Current Important World Events
    2. Knowledge of Important Events That Have Happened in India in the Recent Years
    3. Prominent Personalities – Both Indian and International Including Those Connected with Cultural Activities and Sports

    Exam Pattern

    There are two papers – mathematics and general knowledge. The total time allotted to students is 2 hours and 30 minutes. All the questions are objective type.

    Mathematics General Knowledge
    Exam duration 2 hours and 30 minutes 2 hours and 30 minutes
    No. of sections 1 2 (English and General Knowledge)
    no. of questions 120 150
    Total marks 300 600 (English (200) + GK (400))
    Marking scheme 2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect 4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect
    Medium English and Hindi English for English section. English and Hindi for GK section

    Following marks distribution has been observed for NDA exam 2019 :

    • Physics (100 marks)
    • Chemistry (60 marks)
    • General Science (40 marks)
    • History and Freedom Movement (80 marks)
    • Geography (80 marks)
    • Current Events (40 marks)

    NDA Previous years questions papers

    To grab good rank in any competitive exam, past years paper always play crucial rule. Practising these questions papers enriches confidence in mind and encourages you to make proper strategy and time management or you get a clear and fair scene where you actually stand. After practising these you would come to know about the weak part or zone where you ought to give time son you can achieve better. Time management skill will definitely get developed. NDA is all about speed and accuracy and solving these papers on interval will deliver you the same

    Year NDA II Previous Year Question Papers with Solution
    2018 Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper
    2018 Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper
    2017 Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper
    2017 Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper
    2016 Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper
    2016 Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper
    2015 Previous Year General Ability NDA I Question Paper
    2015 Previous Year Mathematics NDA I Question Paper
    Year NDA II Previous Year Question Papers with Solution
    2018 Previous Year General Ability NDA II Question Paper
    2018 Previous Year General Ability NDA II Answer Key
    2018 Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Question Paper
    2018 Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Answer Key
    2017 Previous Year General Ability NDA II Question Paper
    2017 Previous Year General Ability NDA II Answer Key
    2017 Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Question Paper
    2017 Previous Year Mathematics NDA II Answer Key


    The forms can be filled only online and the application fee for general students and OBC is RS 100 only. Reserved category students are exempted from any type of fee. Candidates are requested to fill the form carefully as no further correction can be done. Also keep the registration number note down and safe. Form of NDA 1 and NDA 2 will be made available from 9th January and 7th august 2019 respectively. All the necessary scanned copies should be kept at hand and available if get chance for verified. The fee payment can be done via online mode (VISA/Master/Debit Card and Net banking) or via offline mode (through e-challan of SBI Bank). Candidates are required to give their academic, personal and communication details. All the data should be as per certificate and no malpractice should be done.


    The assigned authority will release the admit card on the official UPSC website. To download the admit card :

    • Go to official website.
    • Enter RID, Date of Birth or Roll Number & other details.
    • Download the admit card as without it you are not allowed to sit in the examination hall.
    • Admit card will contain all the required details like name, roll no, exam centre and exam date etc.

    Exam centres

    TAll the examination centres are distributed on first come first basis. You will be asked to select any 3 cities you are comfortable with.

    S.No City State/Union Territory
    1 Agartala Tripura
    2 Ahmedabad Gujarat
    3 Aizawl Mizoram
    4 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh
    5 Bangalore Karnataka
    6 Bareilly Uttar Pradesh
    7 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh
    8 Chandigarh Chandigarh
    9 Chennai Tamil Nadu
    10 Cuttack Odisha
    11 Dehradun Uttarakhand
    12 Delhi National Capital Territory of Delhi
    13 Dharwad Karnataka
    14 Dispur Assam
    15 Gangtok Sikkim
    16 Hyderabad Telangana
    17 Imphal Manipur
    18 Itanagar Arunachal Pradesh
    19 Jaipur Rajashtan
    20 Jammu Jammu and Kashmir
    21 Jorhat Assam
    22 Kochi Kerala
    23 Kohima Nagaland
    24 Kolkata West Bengal
    25 Lucknow Uttar Pradesh
    26 Madurai Tamil Nadu
    27 Mumbai Maharashtra
    28 Nagpur Maharashtra
    29 Panaji Goa
    30 Patna Bihar
    31 Port Blair Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    32 Raipur Chhattisgarh
    33 Ranchi Jharkhand
    34 Sambalpur Odisha
    35 Shillong Meghalaya
    36 Shimla Himachal Pradesh
    37 Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir
    38 Thiruvananthapuram Kerala
    39 Tirupati Andhra Pradesh
    40 Udaipur Rajasthan
    41 Vishakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh


    NDA 2019 events NDA 1 NDA 2
    Notification Issue Date January 09, 2019 August 07, 2019
    Last Date to Submit the Application Form February 04, 2019 September 03, 2019
    Admit Card Issue Date March 2019 August 2019
    Exam Date April 21, 2019 November 17, 2019
    Result Declaration Date June 18, 2019 October 2019

    Result and cut off

    NDA result get published on the official website in a pdf format. Last year only 371 candidates cleared the exam with 1026 highest marks out of 1800. Also the marks obtained get published after 15 days with the result declaration. After clearing the exam, candidates are called for SSB interview and clearing the same results in reaching the dream.

    Year NDA (1) NDA (2)
    2019 260 NA
    2018 288 229
    2017 306 269
    2016 348 368
    2015 337 313
    2014 333 322


    Since you have cleared the exam, you have cleared one stage and the next is interview. The interview is conducted in 2 stages for 5 days. Stage 1 comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating, picture perception and description test and the latter stage is GTO tasks, psychology tests, interview and conference.

    Document verification

    Below is the set of required original documents with one photocopy to be carried for the NDA 2019 Document Verification:

    • Qualification certificate
    • Proof of identity (Pan card, voter ID, Aadhar Card, etc.)
    • Birth certificate
    • Passport size photographs
    • Category certificate for the reserved category candidates
    • Proof of residence

    Medical examination

    There are certain requirements related to fitness. Candidates must meet these requirements.

    Height (In Cms) Without Shoes Weight (in kgs)
    16-17 years 17-18 years 18-19 years
    152 42.5 44.0 45.0
    155 43.5 45.3 47.0
    157 45.0 47.0 48.0
    160 46.5 48.0 49.0
    162 48.0 50.0 51.0
    165 50.0 52.0 53.0
    167 51.0 53.0 54.0
    170 52.5 55 56.0
    173 54.5 57.0 58.0
    175 56.0 59.0 60.0
    178 58.0 61.0 62.0
    180 60.0 63.0 64.5
    183 62.5 65.0 66.5

    physical standards requirements same for Navy.

    Height/ weight Standards for Navy

    Height (In Cms) Without Shoes Weight (in kgs)
    16-17 years 17-18 years 18-19 years
    152 44 45 46
    155 45 46 47
    157 46 47 49
    160 47 48 50
    162 48 50 52
    165 50 52 53
    167 52 53 55
    170 53/p> 55 57
    173 55 57 59
    175 57 59 61
    178 59 61 62
    180 61 63 64
    183 63 65 67

    Special requirements for Air Force pilot

    Minimum Maximum
    Leg Length 99 cms 120 cms
    Thigh Length - 64 cms
    Sitting Height 81.50 cms 96 cms


    • Must attempt the all mock papers. It will not only give you idea about the exam but also checks your performance. If you do not do further preparation, more or less your score will revolve around the mock test paper.
    • Eliminate the calculation & silly mistakes or wrong things you are doing in mock test. It can add 15+ marks in your result.
    • Must practise the past year papers. It will reap confidence. Also you would come to know about the weak zone or area. With proper time in hand you can fix it. You get to know about the time management which play a crucial role during exam. You would better handle pressure, time constraint, difficulty level than others in better way. Many times questions get repeated.
    • Start with chemistry. Its questions are mainly theoretical, long calculations are not required. Try to solve this part in 30 mins, then time for mathematics zone part will get increased, you will no longer feel under burden.
    • Must go through NCERT books for chemistry and physics.

    Study material :


    • Physics NCERT Textbooks for Classes 10th, 11th and 12th
    • Chemistry

    • NCERT Textbooks
    • Mathematics

    • R.D. Sharma – Objective Mathematics, Part 1 and Part 2 (NCERT difficulty)

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    QUES. What is the procedure for Intelligence & Personality test by SSB?

    ANS. Intelligence & Personality test by SSB will be conducted in two stages:

    • Stage 1: This will include Officer Intelligence Rating test:
    • Stage 2: Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Test, Conference

    QUES. Which test will be included in Officer Intelligence Rating test?

    ANS. OIR test will include following tests:

    • Picture perception
    • Descriptive test

    QUES. In how many languages will the test be conducted?

    ANS. The test will be bilingual i.e available in Hindi and English.

    QUES. How many students get merit out each year?

    ANS. In SSB only 550 candidates are recommended. After the physical test, only 380 to 400 candidates are finally selected. Rest are eliminated on grounds of being unfit physically or medically.

    QUES. What is the normal day routine for NDA Cadets?

    ANS. Their day starts at 4:30 in morning. At 6:00 hours they must attend the muster parade. From 6:30, for next 100 minutes starts the PT and Drill.

    • From 8:15 to 9:15 hours is the breakfast time.
    • From 9:30 hours to 13:30 hours the classes are conducted.
    • From 13:30 to 14:00 hours is the lunch time.
    • From 14:15 hours to 17:30 hours is the PT, Running and sports time.
    • From 18:20 to 19:50 is the study observing hours in cabin.
    • From 20:30 to 20:50 hours is the dinner time.
    • From 21:00 to 22:15 emphasis is given to PT and upcoming events.
    • Finally at 23:00 cadets observe strict lights out

    QUES. What is the syllabus for General Ability Test?

    ANS. The General Ability Test will consist of following sections:

    • Part A: English
    • Part B: General Knowledge which will include following sections:

    Section A: Physics

    Section B: Chemistry

    Section C: General Science

    Section D: History & Freedom Movements

    Section E: Geography

    Section F: Current Affairs.

    After clearing both the papers, shortlisted candidates are sent to Khadakwasla(near Pune) where training takes place for the three cadets the navy, the army & the air force.

    At NDA, all cadets of Army, air force and navy are trained together for 3 years together, after which they are given B.SC Degree in science. After which, Army cadets goes to IMA, Air Force cadet goes to AFA Hyderabad and, Naval cadet goes to INA Ezhimala, Kerala.

    Life in NDA is all about learning discipline & adhering self-improvement. We wish good luck for the upcoming caretakers of India.